Tuesday, 14 August 2012

Aromatherapy - Glossary of properties and terms

Aromatherapy Glossary

abortifacientAn agent capable of inducing abortion.
absoluteProducts obtained from a concrete, a pomade or a resinoid by extraction with ethanol at room temperature. The resulting ethanol solution is generally cooled and filtered to eliminate the waxes. The ethanol is then eliminated by distillation.
alterativeAn agent which cleanses the blood and corrects impure blood conditions.
anaerobicA type of organic respiration which does not require oxygen. Many bacteria are anaerobic.
anaestheticLoss of sensation, pain relieving
analgesicLoss of sensation - pain relieving.
anaphrodisiacDiminishing sexual desire.
anosmicComplete loss of sense of smell. May be temporary or permanent.
anthelminticA vermifuge, destroying or expelling intestinal worms.
anti-allergenicReduces sweating.
anti-arthriticAn agent which combats arthritis.
anti-emeticReduces the incidence and severity of vomiting.
anti-inflammatoryAlleviates inflammation.
anti-oxidantPrevents or delays oxidation
antibacterialHelps control bacteria
anticonvulsiveHelps arrest or control convulsions.
antidepressantUplifting, counteracting melancholy.
antimicrobialAn agent which resists or destroys pathogenic organisms.
antineuralgicReducing nerve pain
antiphlogisticReduces inflammation.
antipuriticRelieve itching
antipyreticfever reducing
antirheumaticRelieves rheumatism
antiseborrheicHelps control the products of sebum
antisepticHelps control infection.
antispasmodicPrevents and eases spasms and relieves cramps.
antisudorificReduced swelling.
antiviralControlling virus organisms
aperitifEncouraging appetite
aphrodisiacExciting sexual desire.
aromatic waterAqueous distillates, remaining from water or steam distillation after essential oils have been separated.
arrhythmiaIrregular or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat.
arteriosclerosisA loss of elasticity of the arteries.
astringentContracts, tightens and binds tissues.
astringentContracts, tightens and binds tissue
atherosclerosisAn accumulation of fatty deposits on the inner wall of the arteries.
bactericideAn agent that destroys bacteria.
balsamAn oily resinous substance exuded by a plant in response to injury to its tissues.
balsamicA soothing substance having the qualities of a balsam.
bechicEases coughs.
cardiacStimulating effect on the heart.
carminativeSettles the digestive system, expulsion of gas from the intestines.
cephalicStimulating and clearing the mind.
chemotypeVariation in chemical composition of an essential oil produced from two or more plants of the same species.
cholagogueIncreases production and flow of bile
cholereticAids excretion of bile by the liver, so that there is a greater flow of bile.
cicatrisantHelps formation of scar tissue.
colonoscopyExamination of the upper portion of the rectum with an elongated speculum.
concreteExtracts obtained with non-aqueous solvents from fresh, natural raw materials. A concrete consists mainly of waxy components of plant materials. Mainly prepared for the production of absolutes.
cordialA stimulant and tonic for the heart.
cytophylacticEncouraging growth of skin cells.
decongestantAn agent which relieves or reduces congestion.
demulcentSoothes, softens and allays irritation of mucus membranes.
deodorantDestroying odor.
depurativeHelps to purify the blood, detoxifying.
detoxicantNeutralizing toxic substances
diaphoreticPromotes perspiration.
digestiveA substance that aids the digestion of food.
disinfectantPrevents and combats the spread of germs.
diureticIncreases urine flow.
emeticInduces vomiting.
emmenagoguePromotes and regulates menstrual flow.
emollientSoothes and softens skin.
endocrineA gland without a duct.
essential oilA product obtained from natural raw materials by distillation or expression.
exocrineA gland, with a duct, which secretes directly onto the outside surface of an organism.
expectorantHelps to expel mucus from the respiratory system.
febrifugeCooling and reducing high body temperature.
functional groupThe smallest part of an organic molecule consisting of a singe atom or group of atoms that substitutes for a hydrogen atom and has a profound effect upon the properties of the molecule as a whole.
fungicideDestroying fungal infections
galactagogueIncreasing secretion of milk.
germicidalDestroys germs or micro-organisms.
haemostaticArrests bleeding haemorrhage.
hepaticStimulates and aids function of liver and gall bladder.
hepatotoxicityHaving a harmful or toxic effect on the liver.
hydratingTo supply water in order to restore or maintain fluid balance
hypertensiveIncreased blood pressure.
hypoglycaemiantLowers blood sugar levels.
hypotensiveLowers blood pressure.
hypoxiaDeficiency of oxygen.
insecticidalKilling insect pests
insecticideKills insects.
isomersCompounds that have the same molecular formula but different structures and hence different properties.
laxativeAiding bowl evacuation.
lichenificationCutaneous thickening and hardening from continued irritation.
menarcheOnset of menses.
mucolyticDissolves or breaks down mucus.
myelinA fatty material enveloping the majority of nerve cells.
nervineStrengthening or toning to the nerves and nervous system.
neurotoxicHaving a harmful or toxic effect on the nervous system.
occlusionsThe covering of the skin with an impermeable material which prevents evaporation of a volatile substance from the skin.
oxidationThe addition of oxygen to, or the removal of electrons or hydrogen from, an organic molecule.
parturientHelping delivery in childbirth.
pectoralHelpful for chest infections.
pheromoneA chemical messenger used as a signal between individuals.
polarA term used to describe a molecule which has a partial positive and negative charge. Polar molecules are generally water-soluble.
pomadePerfumed fat obtained as a result of enfleurage.
prophylacticHelping prevent disease.
rectificationThe process in which an essential oil is distilled a second time to remove unwanted constituents (also known as redistillation).
relaxantSoothing, causing relaxation, relieving strain or tension.
resinoidAn extract obtained from dried, natural, raw materials by use of non-aqueous solvents.
resolventDissolves boils and swelling
restorativeRestoring and reviving health
rubefacientWarming and increasing blood flow.
sedativeAn agent that reduces functional activity; calming.
soporificA substance which induces sleep.
spasmolyticSee antispasmodic.
spleneticA tonic to the spleen.
stimulantAn agent which increases the physiological functions of the body.
stomachicDigestive aid and tonic, improving appetite.
stypticArrests external bleeding.
sudorificIncreases perspiration.
terpeneless oilEssential oils from which the monoterpene hydrocarbons have been removed.
terpenoidEssential oil constituents based on the isoprene skeleton, but containing a functional group.
tinctureSolutions obtained by maceration of natural raw materials in ethanol. Such products are commonly used in herbal medicine.
tonicStrengthens and improves bodily performance.
uterineTonic to the uterus.
vaso-constrictorContraction of blood vessel walls
vasoconstrictorContraction of blood vessels walls.
vasodilatorDilation of blood vessels.
vermifugeExpulsion of worms.
vulneraryPrevents tissue degeneration and arrests bleeding in wounds.
viscosityA measure of the resistance to flow in a liquid. Water is "thin" having a lower viscosity. Vegetalbe Oil is "thick" having a higher viscosity.

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