Monday, 28 November 2011

Revise - Essential Oil Constituents

This is a very sweet calculator to check your essential oil component knowledge

       Ester angelates Ester benzyl acetate Ester benzyl benzoate Ester bornyl acetate Ester bornyl butyrate Ester bornyl caproate Ester bornyl propionate Ester butyrates Ester cis-carvyl acetate Ester trans-carvyl acetate Ester cinnamyl acetate Ester citronellyl acetate Ester citronellyl butyrate Ester citronellyl citronellate Ester citronellyl formate Ester coniferyl benzoate Ester coniferyl cinnamate Ester dihydrocarvyl acetate Ester fenchyl acetate Ester geranyl acetate Ester geranyl formate Ester geranyl hexonate Ester geranyl isobutyrate Ester lavandulyl acetate Ester linalyl acetate Ester menthyl acetate Ester methyl anthranilate Ester methyl benzoate Ester methyl cinnamate Ester methyl jasmonate Ester methyl myrtenate Ester myrrholic ester Ester neoisomenthyl acetate Ester neryl acetate Ester neryl formate Ester octyl acetate Ester trans-pinocarvyl acetate Ester propionates Ester sabinyl acetate Ester terpinen-4-yl acetate Ester terpinyl acetate Ester a-terpinyl acetate Ester terpinyl butyrate Ester terpinyl valerate Ester tiglates Ester vetiverol acetate Aliphatic aldehyde 2-butanal Aliphatic aldehyde caproaldehyde Aliphatic aldehyde carophyllenal Aliphatic aldehyde citral Aliphatic aldehyde citronellal Aliphatic aldehyde decanal Aliphatic aldehyde decylaldehyde Aliphatic aldehyde geranial Aliphatic aldehyde hexanal Aliphatic aldehyde isovaleraldehyde Aliphatic aldehyde lauraldehyde Aliphatic aldehyde neral Aliphatic aldehyde nononal Aliphatic aldehyde octanal Aliphatic aldehyde sinensal Aliphatic aldehyde undecanal Ketones a-atlantone Ketones y-atlantone Ketones camphor Ketones carvone Ketones crytone Ketones curzerenone Ketones dihydrocarvone Ketones fenchone Ketones gingerone Ketones a-ionone Ketones isoartemisia Ketones isomenthone Ketones isopatchoulenone Ketones isopinocamphone Ketones trans-isopulegone Ketones isothujone Ketones jasmone Ketones cis-jasmone Ketones menthone Ketones methyl heptonone Ketones methyl isobutyl ketone Ketones octanone Ketones patchoulinone Ketones pinocamphone Ketones pinocarvone Ketones piperitenone Ketones piperitone Ketones pulegone Ketones santalone Ketones tagetenones Ketones tagetone Ketones thujone Ketones a-thujone Ketones b-thujone Ketones verbenone Ketones vetiverone Sesquiterpenes aromadendrene Sesquiterpenes a-bergamotene Sesquiterpenes bisabolene Sesquiterpenes b-bisabolene Sesquiterpenes bourbonene Sesquiterpenes a-bulnesene Sesquiterpenes cardinene Sesquiterpenes caryophyllene Sesquiterpenes b-carophyllene Sesquiterpenes trans-caryophyllene Sesquiterpenes cedrene Sesquiterpenes chamazulene Sesquiterpenes copaene Sesquiterpenes a-copaene Sesquiterpenes cuparene Sesquiterpenes ar-curcumene Sesquiterpenes curcumenes Sesquiterpenes curzerene Sesquiterpenes daucene Sesquiterpenes dihydroazulene Sesquiterpenes elemene Sesquiterpenes farnescene Sesquiterpenes germacrene Sesquiterpenes guaizulene Sesquiterpenes guaiene Sesquiterpenes a-guaiene Sesquiterpenes gurjunene Sesquiterpenes heerabolene Sesquiterpenes humulene Sesquiterpenes a-humulene Sesquiterpenes humulenes Sesquiterpenes lindestrene Sesquiterpenes longicyclene Sesquiterpenes longifolene Sesquiterpenes patchoulines Sesquiterpenes sanalenes Sesquiterpenes b-selinene Sesquiterpenes b-sesquiphellandrene Sesquiterpenes seychellenes Sesquiterpenes thujopsene Sesquiterpenes vetivazulene Sesquiterpenes vetivene Sesquiterpenes viridifloene Sesquiterpenes zingiberene Lactones,Coumarins acillinene Lactones,Coumarins aesculetine Lactones,Coumarins amyrollin Lactones,Coumarins auraptene Lactones,Coumarins bergamottin Lactones,Coumarins bergaptene Lactones,Coumarins coumarin Lactones,Coumarins dihydronepetalactone Lactones,Coumarins epinepetalactone Lactones,Coumarins herniarine Lactones,Coumarins limettin Lactones,Coumarins menthofuran Lactones,Coumarins methyl oxycoumarin Lactones,Coumarins nepetalactone Lactones,Coumarins umbelliferone Lactones,Coumarins umbelliprenin Others damascenone Others en-yn-dicycloether Others furfural Others indole Others cis-spiro ether Oxides a-bisabolol oxide Oxides bulnesene oxide Oxides caryophyllene oxide Oxides 1.4- cineole Oxides 1.8- cineole Oxides guaiene oxide Oxides humulene oxide Oxides linalool oxide Oxides cis-linalool oxide Oxides trans-linalool oxide Oxides manoyl oxide Oxides trans-ocimene oxide Oxides a-pinene epoxide Oxides rose oxide Oxides cis-rose oxide Acids anisic acid Acids benzoic acid Acids cinnamic acid Acids myrrholic acid Acids nortricycloekasantalic acid Acids palmitic acid Acids phenylacetic acid Acids valeric acid Acids vetivenic acid Aromatic aldehydes anisaldehyde Aromatic aldehydes benaldehyde Aromatic aldehydes cinnamaldehyde Aromatic aldehydes cuminaldehyde Aromatic aldehydes methyl vanillin Aromatic aldehydes piperonal Aromatic aldehydes salicylaldehyde Aromatic aldehydes vanillin monoterpenes camphene monoterpenes d-carene monoterpenes cymene monoterpenes p-cymene monoterpenes dipentene monoterpenes limonene monoterpenes menthene monoterpenes myrcene monoterpenes ocimene monoterpenes cis-ocimene monoterpenes trans-ocimene oxide monoterpenes phellandrene monoterpenes a-phellandrene monoterpenes pinene monoterpenes a-pinene epoxide monoterpenes b-pinene monoterpenes pinenes monoterpenes sabinene monoterpenes stearoptene monoterpenes terpinene monoterpenes a-terpinene monoterpenes y-terpinene monoterpenes terpinenes monoterpenes terpinolene monoterpenes thujene monoterpenes a-thujene monoterpenes tricyclene alcohols artemisia alcohol Alcohols atlantol Alcohols balsamiol Alcohols benzyl alcohol Alcohols a-bisabolol  Alcohols borneol Alcohols bulnesol Alcohols cadinol Alcohols carotol Alcohols cis-carveol Alcohols cedrenol Alcohols cedrol Alcohols citonellol Alcohols daucol Alcohols dihydrocarveol Alcohols elemol Alcohols y-eudesmol Alcohols eudesmol Alcohols farnesol Alcohols fenchol Alcohols geraniol Alcohols gingerol Alcohols globulol Alcohols guaiol Alcohols isomenthol Alcohols lavandulol Alcohols linalool  Alcohols longiborneol Alcohols manool Alcohols menthol Alcohols myrrh alcohols Alcohols neoisomenthol Alcohols neomenthol Alcohols nerol Alcohols nerolidol Alcohols nonanol Alcohols occidentalol Alcohols occidol Alcohols octanol Alcohols paradisiol Alcohols patchouli alchohol Alcohols phenylethyl alcohol Alcohols phytols Alcohols pinocarveol Alcohols trans-pinocarveol Alcohols piperitol Alcohols pogostol Alcohols pseudocedrol Alcohols pumiliol Alcohols sabinol Alcohols santalols Alcohols santolina alcohol Alcohols sclareol Alcohols terpinen-4-ol Alcohols terpineol Alcohols a-terpineol Alcohols cis-thujanol Alcohols trans-thujanol Alcohols thujanols Alcohols tricyloekasantalol Alcohols vetiverol acetate Alcohols viridiflorol Alcohols widdrol Alcohols yomogi alcohol Phenols.Phenolic ethers aceteugenol Phenols.Phenolic ethers anethole Phenols.Phenolic ethers trans-anethole Phenols.Phenolic ethers asarone Phenols.Phenolic ethers carvacrol Phenols.Phenolic ethers p-cresol Phenols.Phenolic ethers p-cresyl methyl ether Phenols.Phenolic ethers elemicin Phenols.Phenolic ethers eugenol Phenols.Phenolic ethers eugenol methyl ether Phenols.Phenolic ethers isoeugenol Phenols.Phenolic ethers metyl chavicol Phenols.Phenolic ethers methyl eugenol Phenols.Phenolic ethers methyl hexyl ether Phenols.Phenolic ethers myristicin Phenols.Phenolic ethers safrole Phenols.Phenolic ethers thymol Phenols.Phenolic ethers thymol methyl ether  

Friday, 25 November 2011

Regulatory Matters - encourage, educate, enforce!!!

Where aromatherapists manufacture creams for client use they assume the role of manufacturer and need to be aware of their duties as regards records, labelling and safety assessment under EU and national law.

If you are thinking to use SP essential oils for skincare products we ask you review the following article.  We ensure that all recipes we use comply with the extensive regulations from IFRA, the International Fragrance Association. In many "natural" products essential oils are the most toxic components. The main concern is skin sensitisation, but phototoxicity and more serious systemic toxic effects are sometimes an issue. In addition to any specific restrictions, we operate a limit of 1% total essential oil in every-day leave-on products and 3-4% in wash-off products.  Lavender Oil example safety calculation.

What is a Product Information File?

Rose oil and methyl eugenol

Products containing rose oil are the single greatest reason for initial rejection for safety assessment. Rose oil contains methyl eugenol, which contributes to the floral scent, but it is a suspect carcinogen and is restricted to 0.0004% in leave-on and 0.001% in rinse-off products. Typically it contains 1-1.5% methyl eugenol which means the maximum allowed in a leave-on skincare product is around 0.025%. Specially purified grades containing low levels of methyl eugenol are available. Charabot in France have a rose absolute (reference 253433) containing 0.02% methyl eugenol, but minimum order size is large.  Other oils that are high in methyl eugenol and so very restricted include Sweet and Holy Basil, Bay (Laurus Nobilis), Hyacinth Absolute, Nutmeg and Elemi oil.

Phototoxic citrus oils

Bergamot and lime essential oils are the most commonly used phototoxic oils and they are restricted to 0.4% and 0.7% respectively, in leave-on products. If they are combined with other phototoxic oils such as grapefruit and lemon the allowable levels are reduced even further. Formulators can get round the restriction by using FCF (Furo-coumarin free) bergamot oil and by using distilled rather than cold expressed lime oil, though the scent is not quite the same. Mandarin and sweet orange essential oils have very low phototoxicity and are not restricted in practice.

High citral essential oils

Citral is one of the 26 declarable EU allergens, is a powerful skin sensitiser and can be quite restrictive for certain oils in leave-on products. Lemongrass and May Chang (Litsea Cubeba) oils are the most common examples and are limited to 0.3% in women's face and hand creams, with even tighter restrictions in lip and dedorant products. Others that are high in citral include lemon-scented tea tree (Leptospermum Petersonii), lemon myrtle and lemon balm oils.

UK Cosmetics regulation 
the UK Cosmetics safety regulations are very clearly worded and worth a look for anyone making or marketing cosmetics. Like all regulations certain myths arise. The emphasis is on health assessment and safety. Toxicity is a measure which must be looked at arithmetically and a safety margin can be simply calculated based on known toxicity levels per kg and an adult of say 60kg. IFRA guidelines show the common essential oils in use as very safe and unhazardous. Stability of cosmetics is very important particularly in 'organic' formulations which no longer rely on the parabens system. Essential oils with their preservative properties help with that in practice. 

A standard laboratory microbiological test will ensure each batch has bacteria counts of no more than 100 parts per gram.  Sample counts of batches are a sensible precaution.

Microbiological challenge to support shelf life and discard on opening dates

The other issue you need to reflect on as part of the Health Assessemnt is microbiological challenge assessment. With a new product there is no history record of stability at the indicated shelf life and discard on opening dates so a lab microbiological challenge will usually be necessary. This will be necessary even if the product is irradiated for sterility if it is not in a closed retort like a tin and necessary preservatives considered. Of course if it is irradiated it cant be called 'organic'.

Stay on the side of the angels!


Tuesday, 22 November 2011

Tuscany Lavender

so what can we say about guiding principles? Aromatherapists talk about 'life force' that is the quality unique to life, beautifully described as life's hunger for itself. They talk of a tendancy to 'wholeness' or singularity ( a point of nothing and everything) but work in a world of duality and are inspired by the diagnostic principles successfully used in acupuncture and acupressure. Can it be the case that astrology can help better understand individuality and identify dominant and conflicting themes of character which could themselves affect health? Then there is nutrition and exercise as the keys to underlying health. Is avoidance of alcohol and organic food or as close as possible the ideal?

Sunday, 20 November 2011

Organic Beauty Online                 

Essential Oil Chemistry - functional groups

Each essential oil has its own aroma and its unique chemical makeup.

This makeup contributes to the electrical charge of the essential oil, negatively charged essential oils and blends tend to be more relaxing, positively charged essential oils and blends tend to be more stimulating.  The charge can be demonstrated by passing essential oil vapour between two electrically charged plates (Franchomme and Penoel)

Esters and alcohols are generally safe in use. Caution needs to be exercised with other functional groups such as ketones.

Esters - calming, good for skin conditions
Aliphatic aldehydes - refreshing antiseptic antifungal
ketones - cooling, decongestant, analgesic
sesquiterpenes - balancing, soothing, digestion, warming
lactones and coumarins - balancing, decongestant, photosensitive
remainder - the unreported part of the oil
oxides - expectorant, respiratory decongestant, diuretic
acids - deodorant (small quantities)
aromatic aldehydes - warming, antiseptic, antifungal
monoterpenes - skin tonic, digestion, liver
alcohols - antiviral, bactericidal, tonic but gentle
phenols, phenolic ethers - stimulating, antiviral, aggressive

Rosemary Caddy uses simple pie charts. its probably the best use of a pie chart you could want to see. The 12 chemical families are each given a colour. Each oil has its own pie chart. Each blend is a combination of the oil charts for the therapeutic effect required. For example an acne blend of petitgrain 3 drops, chamomile moroc, niaouli, cedarwood virginian 2 drops. petitgrains esters are combined with niaoulis oxides and cedarwoods sequiterpenes to give esters 26%, alcohols 29% sesquiterpenes 18% but displayed in a simple and memorable pie chart onto which in the students mind this wealth of detail can be added.


Research -Katja Svoboda, Blending for Therapeutic Effect, Rosemary Caddy

One of the unsung heroes of essential oil use are Katja Svoboda and her team at the Scottish Agricultural College for their research into essential oils and blends of oils for therapeutic effect. Katje's research focussed on utilising the antibacterial and antifungal properties of essential oils to preserve crops and food naturally, an important essential oil use.

Rosemary Caddy used this research to produce her excellent aromatherapy teaching materials. She knew as an educational researcher that students responded better to learning in clour and the result is the caddy profile cards and materials.

Thursday, 17 November 2011

2012 Programme


January 7th - Creamy Craft of Cosmetic Making 11am - 4pm 

January 8th  - Qi DROP Therapy 

January 9th through to 13th Holistic Skin Care 10am - 4pm 

January 14th  - Learning how to make Mineral Makeup 11am - 4pm 

January 15th  - Learning how to make Natural Makeup 11am - 4pm 

January 16th - Introduction to  Aromatherapy - Blending and mixing  11am - 4pm 

January 16th through to 20th  - one at Shirley Price Aromatherapy module College, Hinkley, Leics. 

February 13th to 17th Aromatherapy module one 

February 18th - The Art of Soap Making 11am - 4pm 

February 19th  - Aromatherapy and Reflexology  for the ELDERLY 11am - 4pm 

March 14th to 18th - Aromatherapy Module two 

March 19th and 20th - Hot Stone Massage 10am - 4pm 

May 14th - The Creamy Craft of Cosmetic making 11am - 4pm 

May 15th - The Art of SOAP making 11am - 4pm 

May 16th to 20th - Aromatherapy module 3 

May 21st - Aromatherapy and Reflexology for the ELDERLY 11am - 4pm 

May 22nd - Chair Massage 11am - 4pm 

June 14th to 18th - Shirley Price Aromatherapy module 4 at College, Hinkley, Leics.

Friday, 11 November 2011

Shirley Price - Aromatherapy for Health Professionals

Every edition of this book contains a delightful and welcome suprise.  Inevitably some bits being a book produced to production deadlines are immediately dated in a fast moving world such as the description of the vibrant aromatherapy scene in China.  The Government of China's Aromatic Healthcare Committee has not been idle!  A better description can be found at including the new aromatherapy diploma schools.

For me what makes the cost of this new edition more than worthwhile is the accompanying CD which includes academic references and profiles of over 200 essential oils of use in a healthcare environment.

Besides the spirit in which aromatherapy and essential oil information is given this CD makes the book as it always has been an essential component of every aromatherapy student and professionals library.



The courage of the soldiers....the lies and failure of politicians and ambition of warlords who through force and fraud hide behind them, put them unnecessarily in harms way, destroy the environment we depend on and impoverish everyone.  We keep the sword sharp but remember both today. Peace everyone. Peace everywhere.


Wednesday, 9 November 2011

Holistic massage diploma - whats involved?

Anatomy and physiology for aroma therapeutic touch, whats your favourite online resource for visualisation?


Aromatherapy in China


Aromatherapy in Midwifery
Clinical Aromatherapy. NHS trusts incorporating complementary therapies for patient care need to do so confidently. This is an interesting training organisation of midwifes using massage and aromatherapy led by Denise Tiran. Lavender and Myrhh have widespread traditional use in childbirth. It is not clear from trials whether Lavender can reduce pain perception in childbirth but midwives believe they have found aromatherapy massage can result in less induced labour, less caesarian sections and lower drug use so less damage to mothers in labour as well management of symptoms such as anxiety, headaches and nausea. Baby bath times become a treat not a battle with a drop of lavender in the bath. Nappy rash disappears with use of fresh season jojoba oil resulting in more content babies.

Tuesday, 8 November 2011

Esoteric aromatherapy

Lets be honest there is an esoteric side to essential oils which have always been incorporated in traditional religious, social and family practices. Talk of angels giving a helping hand makes even priests uneasy these days. The frenchman in me on the one hand is as rigourous when it comes to science and labelling as any englishman but on the other hand is happy of all the help he can get whether from angels or anyone else.

Where things go wrong is when there is a failure to remain firmly rooted in this world when it comes to labelling. Essential oils must always be firmly and clearly labelled with 'haptens' allergens, GS1 barcode and instructions if they are to be used in a professional environment. If blended the bottle or container must be labelled if it is to remain with the recipient however briefly. If aromatherapy is used it must be with the wholehearted support of all concerned. This takes a great deal of trust and communication and clear labelling can help. Dont leave it to the angels they have enough to do.

Angelic qualities: abundance, adventure, balance, blessings, communication, courage, creativity, efficiency, enthusiasm, faith, flexibility, forgiveness, freedom, friendship, harmony, healing, humour, inspiration, intuition, joy, light, love, patience, peace, play, power, purification, purpose, reliability, responsibility, romance, simplicity, spontaneity, spiritual growth, strength, study, synchronicity, trust, truth, understanding. Yup we could all do with a little of that

For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.
psalms 91:11


Monday, 7 November 2011


Friday, 4 November 2011

meet the Sp tutors - Sara Gelzer MIFPA

Sara Gelzer has taught the Shirley Price Aromatherapy Diploma for many years in Switzerland. A successful practicioner in a range of complementary modalities from lymphatic drainage to bowen technique Sara is the Shirley Price distance learning tutor.


Thursday, 3 November 2011

meet the Sp college tutors - Sue Jenkins MIFPA

Sue Jenkins MIFPA is the college academic lead and takes module 5 of the Shirley Price Aromatherapy Diploma each August. Once therapist students have got Modules 1-4 under their belts and can cut it as a professional holistic therapist the Sue and Jan take students through the level 4-5 aspects of the Aromatherapy Curriculum in a thorough preparation for the theory and practical exams under the independent external examiner. The case studies and essays are completing into a portfolio and then Sue and Jan consider that portfolio. Once all is complete the aromatherapy diploma is awarded and the student joins the 6000 holders of the Shirley Price Aromatherapy Diploma. students are then free to join the federation of therapists of their choice in their country or the international federations.

You can find out more about Sue Jenkins teaching here.
esha,edinburgh school of holistic aromatherapy,massage,aromatherapy, essential oils, IFPA, aromatherapy CPD, aromatherapy training,kingsbarns, bed&breakfast,fife, scotland, aromatherapy tutor

meet the Sp College tutors - Jan Benham MIFPA FFHT

Tuesday, 1 November 2011

meet the Sp College tutors - Celia Johnson

Celia Johnson is the Sp college business tutor.  20 years a nurse and massage therapist Celia is author of the book "How to succeed as a therapist".

Outline of Syllabus Contents
1. Advertising standards: methods and wording, creating expectation and making
claims (S12(1) of the Medicines Act 1968).
2. How to advertise and promote your business; marketing skills; advantages and
disadvantages of the different types of employment; choice of premises; homevisiting practice; networking; financial considerations and business plans;
banking and writing a CV. Explanations of business development from sole
trader, partnerships and limited company.
3. Setting up a business; fees, charges and costs and insurances.
4. Taxation and business issues; record keeping; taxable expenses; tax shelter;
personal pensions, preparing Tax Returns and accounts; hiring an accountant;
National Insurance Contributions (NIC).
5. Selling products - Trading Standards; Trades Descriptions Act 1968, The
Cosmetic Products (Safety) Regulations 1996, Consumer Protection Act 1987,
Sale & Supply of Goods Act 1994.
6. COSHH, CHIPS, Health & Hygiene & Safety at Work Act 1974, Veterinary
Surgeons Act 1966. RIDDOR,
7. National laws and Common Law; Byelaws, Local Authority Licensing