Monday, 30 April 2012


Saturday, 28 April 2012

Tea tree essential oil (melaleuca alternifolia) 1340

Antiseptic, Decongestant, Stimulating. Tea tree oil, or melaleuca oil, is a pale yellow colour to nearly colorless and clear essential oil with a fresh camphoraceous odor.

TEA TREE OIL AUSTRALIA, melaleuca alternifolia (1340)
Definition: Tea tree oil, or melaleuca oil, is a pale yellow colour to nearly colorless and clear essential oil with a fresh camphoraceous odor. An antiseptic in everyday use in the home and in footcare oils, gels and creams

Aroma: spicy, strong and pungent

The tea tree, also known as the paperbark tree is native to australia thriving in the marsy lowlands of western australia.  The steam distillation of the needle like leaves yields a clear oil or pale yellow oil with a medicinal camphorlike odour.    Do not use internally as oral toxicity is high.  A dose of 5-30ml is capable of being toxic. Keep away from children in bottles with childproof caps.

Properties: Antiseptic and cleansing. A very powerful natural antiseptic and anti-fungal oil found to be 11x as effective as phenol. Tea tree is commonly found in homes as part of a first aid and travel kit. Antiinflammatory, antiviral, bactericidal, antiparasitic, antifungal, decongestant, expectorant, immune stimulant and insecticidal.

Everyday uses: Skin infections including athletes foot, ringworm, corns, boils, wounds, insect bites.  Foot problems often accompany diabetes and treatment in appropriate cases is available on the NHS.  Gargle and mouthwash for oral infections. Emotional indications: anxiety, depression, panic, stresss. These indications often accompany undiagnosed illness.  Use of tea tree oil promotes a positive attitude and confidence.

Perfumery: not used but blends well with lavandin, lavender, clary sage, rosemary, ylang, geranium, marjoram, clove, nutmeg.

Botany: Melaleuca alternifolia
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Australia
Plant part: Leaf
Extraction: steam distilled
Sensitivity: Non skin irritant in diluted use
Dilution: RIFM limit: less than 1% dilution
Comment: Tea tree oil loses no efficacy by being diluted before use on the skin.
1 drop can be safely applied undiluted on a cotton bud to a fungal toenail or fingernail
EU sensitiser 19%: (4% limonene, 15% linalool)
Oral Toxicity: High.  Related to eucalyptus.
Phototoxicity: None
Pets: Tea tree oil should not be used on pets or around young children
Comment: The myrtaceae are very useful in everyday aromatherapy but have only been available since the discovery of australia.  Our livers are not well adapted to their use in our diet or application to the skin so care must be taken.

Chemistry: less than 10% 1-8 cineole, 45% terpinen-4-ol
Typical composition: Sesquiterpenes (balancing) 6%, other 1%, oxides (stimulating) 7%, monoterpenes (stimulating) 41%, alcohols 45% (stimulating)
Science:  Pubmed
Tea tree oil may combat melanoma

Ref: 89
Shirley Price footcare range
Carrier:  Coconut oil has antifungal properties of its own
Hydrosol: available 7032
Tea tree hydrosol is antibacterial, antifunghal, antiseptic and antiviral.  It can assist with various infections including respiratory and fungal.  Useful in oral hygiene and as a gargle.  Beneficial for slin disorders such as acne.  
Barcodes 96013182 Pure Essential Oil 96013182 Organic Essential Oil

Comment:  The antifungal activity of tea tree oil is well known.  Use of tea tree in a footcare routine can prevent a fungal toe or fingernail.  However if self care of the feet has been neglected for some time it will be necessary to visit your GP and a chiropodist as deep seated fungal infections or corns are unlikely to be completely cleared with natural treatments such as tea tree oil, gel or cream alone.

Robert Tisserands blog
Liz Fulcher's tea tree profile

Tea tree hydrosol is antibacterial, antifunghal, antiseptic and antiviral.  It can assist with various infections including respiratory and fungal.  Useful in oral hygiene and as a gargle.  Beneficial for skin disorders such as acne.   As with all hydrosols care must be taken to refrigerate and use current season hydrolats.

More information
 Podiatry (also known as chiropody) is the diagnosis and treatment by podiatrists (chiropodists) of diseases and other disorders of the feet. Podiatrists are highly skilled
health professionals who have been trained to prevent, diagnose, treat and rehabilitate abnormal conditions of the feet and lower limbs. Find a local chiropodist

Shirley Price Aromatherapy Care For (TM) 7drop recipes 

Condition: some 20% of people experience ringworm at some point in their lives, a fungal infection of the feet, nails and groin

Athletes foot (tinea pedis)

Care For Athletes foot footbath:  tea tree on its own (4 drops) or
4 drops of Tea tree oil Care For(TM) blend - (4 drops), thyme oil (2 drops) myrhh oil (1 drops)

Care For Tea tree foot Oil:  coconut oil 1oz(30ml) carrier,
Tea tree oil (4 drops), thyme oil (2 drops), myrhh oil (1 drop).  Apply morning and evening and thoroughly dry. 

Also available Tea Tree Cream and Tea Tree Gel for use after bath.

 Jock Itch (tinea cruris)

Athletes foot can spread to the groin where it is called Jock Itch.

Care For Jock itch Bath oil: spruce oil (2 drops), niaouli oil (2 drops), patchouli oil (2 drops), myrhh oil (1 drop) always dilute in a little milk before placing in the bath to prevent essential oil splashing in the eye.  Tea tree oil is not a good oil for use in the full bath but excellent in a footbath or diluted and applied directly to the affected area.

Care For Joch itch Oil:  coconut oil 1oz(30ml) carrier,
tea tree oil (4 drops), thyme oil (2 drops), myrhh oil (1 drop).  Apply morning and evening and thoroughly dry. 

 Also available Tea Tree Cream and Tea Tree Gel for use after bath.

More information on ringworm
NHS Choices
Funghi thrive in moist, dark warm places so keep the affected area both clean and dry.

Everyday Aromatherapy extract:
TEA TREE (Melaleuca alternifolia)/Myrtaceae
Originating in Australia, the tea tree has been used for its oil for centuries by the aborigines – the early settlers are reputed to have used he leaves to make ‘tea’. The essential oil is extracted by steam distillation. With its oxides, monoterpenes and alcohols totalling 93% of the mix this is a very stimulating oil which helps maintain a typically 'australian' positive attitude.

Tea Tree oil is a powerful antiseptic, with the advantage of being non-toxic, and its aroma is an effective insect repellent.  When used in gargles, mouthwashes, inhalations or vaporisers, it is a most effective bactericide, alleviating intestinal infections and bronchitis. Tea tree oil also gives relief to mouth ulcers, calms diarrhoea and relieves gastroenteritis. Tea tree oils 's antifungal properties are effective against athlete’s foot and nail bed infections. Relieves boils and rashes and encourages healing of open wounds. Used in sitz baths, douches, baths or application, essential oil of tea tree helps to clear vaginal thrush.

Dilute in coconut oil for antifungal use (1%) and keep the affected area clean and dry.  Tea Tea tree oil and Eucalyptus oil should not be used on pets as cat and dog livers are not adapted to eliminate the terpenes they contain and toxicosis can result.
Reading:  There are many everyday aromatherapy recipe books.  I recommend the books of Shirley Price, Robert Tisserand, Valerie Worwood and Roberta Wilson.  Where possible always consult a local qualified aromatherapist if you plan to use aromatherapy for your family's health and wellbeing.


Friday, 20 April 2012

Robert Tisserand May 12, 13 2012 London, Imperial College Huxley Building

What a weekend

Modern aromatherapy, the use of essential oils for the purpose of inducing physiological effects, originated in the South of France expressing the familiarity of the local population with the wide diversity of aromatic plants thriving in the mild climate of the region.

It was first formalized through the writings of Rene Maurice Gattefosse (1937) and Jean Valnet (1964). Aromatherapy effectively became an alternative healing modality for the lay public in the late 1970s, primarily by the success of the writings of Jean Valnet and consecutively by Robert Tisserand. Staying within the scientific trends of the time  essential oil activity was explained as a result of specific molecular structures or structural elements present in the oil. This led to a perception of essential oils as therapeutic agents whose application and use was fraught with hazards and complicated rules.

Viewing essential oil application through the more current perspectives of evolutionary and systems biology it turns out that most of the traditional knowledge about the use of medicinal and aromatic plants is in fact accurate. It follows that most essential oils can be utilized through very simple modes of application.

The workshop will explore various forms of topical applications of essential oils (diluted and also neat) for simple therapeutic interventions as well as daily grooming. This will include prevention and treatment of selected skin conditions, effective wound healing, preventing or easing arthritic pains and systemic issues such as stress management and simple enhancement of well being.

Even the often maligned internal use of essential oils can in most cases be seen as a rather harmless exercise which does, however, provide valuable benefits. The workshop will discus how many essential oils stimulate a very balanced inhibition/induction of liver detoxification enzymes and how this effect can be used practically for detoxification. Effective regimens to improve immune response and also how to use essential oils to ameliorate chemotherapy induced vomiting and nausea will be discussed.

Along the above outline the workshop will focus on the correct practical application of essential oils 

An essential oil is an aromatic isolate obtained from distinct secretory structures within a whole or plant part BY PHYSICAL MEANS ONLY. Extraction of an aromatic plant means that the plant or plant part  is treated with a volatile solvent to produce a range of extracts such as a concrete, absolute, oleoresin etc. The processes used to produce essential oils and various extracts will be discussed along with an introduction into deterpenation. Finally typical problems associated with essential oil distillation will be addressed.
Essential oils are complex mixtures of secondary metabolic compounds comprised monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and aliphatic and aromatic compounds. These can exist as hydrocarbons, oxides/ethers, alcohols, acids, esters, aldehydes, ketones, lactones, phenols, phenol ethers as well as nitrogen, and sulphur containing compounds. Typically an oil contains between 50-300 constituents in amounts greater than 1ppm (0.0001%). A brief introduction to chemical structural nomenclature as applied to oil compositions will be presented along with the evolution of some trivial names.
Isolates from essential oils can be used either as ingredients in the flavour and fragrance industries or as starting products for further synthesis. The  whole farming process through isolation of menthol from cornmint oil and sclareol from clary sage oil will be used to illustrate this point.
Essential oils are produced from a wide range of plants harvested both from their natural habitat and their cultivation site in a variety of countries.  A tour of some of these countries along with a discussion on their production statistics will be used to illustrate the diversity of origin and their production ramifications.
The section is divided into numerous unconnected areas of interest such as (a) the establishment of a crop development program, (b) a historical look at the essential oils in commerce, (c) the quality control of essential oils, (d) analytical methods used in essential oil analyses including the isolation of phenols, acids and lactones, pyridines and bases and carbonyl compounds, column chromatography, GC-FTIR, GC/MS, retention indices, headspace analysis, SPME and chiral GC analysis.

Thursday, 19 April 2012

Music for aromatherapy - another keynote - Rocking on with Joe Pickering

Coffee today with an authentic voice of Rock, Musician Joe Pickering from Leicester.  How is it that so many great musicians young and old whose names go around the world come from Leicester and the Black Country?

Joe brought me upto speed with his interests.  He is working for the Voala Project, based in Alicante, Spain, work that takes him all round Europe performing.

We got chatting about the essential oils and human moods and our work with mental health.  Very soon we were in a discussion which went way over my head!!  I had always associated Rock with the scent of diesel and combat gloves but of course it spans the scale of human emotions and mood.  Great rock musicians love the classics for themselves and do weave them into their keyboard compositions.

It turns out Joe as a vocalist, writer and musician covers a number of genres and finds Rock works well with colour and dance. Theres no reason it should work with the sense of smell.  Essential oils particular those used for sensory therapy for the mind, the stronger aromas, span the musical scale.

The idea in our work is to allow emotions, particularly strong traumatic ones which we all feel at some point in our lives, their proper and controlled expression not to douse them in sedative chemicals.  Taking a self harming individual and allowing them to get their own lives back using aromatherapy is one of the highest uses of the essential oils.  Communication by the sense of smell when other forms of communication are unavailable or too painful.  Putting that to music seems a good accompaniment to our work.

Look out for Joe and his rocking mood music inspired by the essential oils and those who love them.  We are going to start with those essential oils used in classic perfumery and go from there seeing what music they inspire in Joes musical mind.

If you associated aromatherapy with relaxing ocean sounds and going to sleep I have a feeling its about to get a whole lot more interesting than that.  Wish us luck!


Tuesday, 17 April 2012

Monday, 16 April 2012

Shirley Price Aromatherapy College Alumni - Ian is on holiday

And so to Rock, Cornwall for a few days body boarding.  My holiday reading!!


Been thinking about

Frankincense chemistry

香熏 Research on essential oils

Aromatherapy in china,

Essential oils are used to meet human needs from flavour and fragrance to their use as preservatives to everyday home use of their properties by individuals, trained aromatherapists and health professionals to rejuvenate body and mind, treat common ailments and improve wellbeing.

Join our spring keynote seminar in London.  This year with Robert Tisserand.  Details and bookings are on

Essential oils research
Brain Lawrence Phd
Essential Oils, Volume 9: 2008-2011 collects four years of research by noted international expert Brian M. Lawrence in the field of essential oil research. The final volume of a series begun in 1976, this edition features, in addition to the plethora of papers crafted for Perfumer & Flavorist magazine since 2008, several pages of entirely new, never before published research on topics including Davana oil, Rose oil, chasteberry, citral-rich Cymopogon species, and more.

Ian Brealey of Shirley Price Aromatherapy

Shirley Price Aromatherapy College

Alumni Spring keynote seminar.
with Robert Tisserand, Imperial College London may 12,13

Becoming an aromatherapist and distance learning
Educators Jan Benham FFHT MIFPA, Sue Jenkins BSc MIFPA
Seminars in Hinckley with Jan Benham 

 May 10th - How to make mineral makeup 11am - 4pm

May 11th - How to make natural makeup 11am - 4pm

May 14th - The creamy craft of cosmetic making 1am - 4pm

May 15th - The art of perfume making 11am - 4pm

May 16th to 20th - Aromatherapy module 3

May 20th - Aromatherapy and reflexology for the elderly 10am - 4pm

May 16th to 20th - Reflexology diploma 10am - 4pm

May 22nd - Chair massage 11am - 4pm

July 1st - The Art of Soap Making 11am - 4pm

July 2nd - 6th - Aromatherapy module 4

July 4th - Chair Massage 11am - 4pm

July 5th - Qi drop Therapy 10am - 4pm

July 9th to 13th - Holistic Skin Care

July 9th - Aromatherapy Facials 10am - 4pm

July 12th Aromatherapy Skin Treatments 10am - 4pm

July 13th Fruit Facials 10am - 4pm

July 14th - The creamy craft of cosmetic making 11am - 4pm

July 15th - Learn how to make mineral makeup 11am - 4pm

July 16th - How to make natural makeup  11am - 4pm

October 8th - Aromatherapy seminar 10am - 4pm

October 9th - Aromatherapy for Emotional Health 10am - 4pm

October 8th - 12th Aromatherapy Module One 10am - 4pm

October 12th - The creamy craft of cosmetic making 11am - 4pm

October 14th - The Art of Soap Making 11am - 4pm

October 15th - Learn how to make mineral makeup 11am - 4pm

October 16th -How to make natural makeup 11am - 4pm

Box office for events and seminars

Shirley Price Professional Aromatherapy

Retail pricelist
request a therapist and bulk pricelist on
or call Gill Docherty on 01455 615466

Retail site

Therapists site

Bulk essential oils and absolutes

Ian Brealey
Shirley Prce Aromatherapy Ltd
8 Hawley Road, Hinckley, Leicestershire LE100PR
T: 01455 612000 F: 01455 613000
Distributor contacts in 40 countries worldwde

Sunday, 15 April 2012

Lavender aroma

Lavender odour is an interesting one. Some therapists working in palliative care find patients and their families object to a strong smelling lavender and opt for a french officinalis distilled on the farm with the stalks with very little odour at all.

Some french lavender collected wild at high altitude has a distinctive and attractive odour and is highly prized. A lot of cheaper french lavender smells of linalool added to 'standardise' the Lavender but you can buy your french lavender angustifolia with its ester content 'stated' at 40-42%, 50-52%. A good deal of the higher altititude french angustifolia is the Mailette Clone.

Many farmers take cuttings from the stronger plants which have proved resistent to disease and this too can influence the odour profile of the crop. Some therapists like to work with artisanal distillers so they get more consistency in the lavender they work with because the majority of the french lavender is farmed cooperatively and then sent to a single point to be processed from which it goes to large companies like IFF.

The italian tuscan lavender distilled from just the flowering tops has an amazing top note which lasts for about a year making it smell similar to a Lavender absolute. Take into account natural variation in soil, climate, weather and field distillation on the farm and no wonder no Lavender smells the same. The Bulgarian however I have found to have a consistent sweet floral odour which many people prefer.

Lavender as you know is grown in many places including the UK croatia, india, china and tasmania too (which is on the same latitude as provence but 'down under'.

Lets not forget Lavandin. As a study by Jane Buckle showed its aroma assisted recovering heart surgery patients to relax just as effectively as any Lavender.

And finally those using kinesiology find when clients 'self choose' oils for their needs lavender is rarely chosen so its not the case lavender has to go in every blend. However those researching synergy note lavender can bring out the best in other oils. 


Saturday, 14 April 2012

Pictures of health

Neptune Collages Grand National Winner 2012

Friday, 13 April 2012

Beauty UK Birmingham NEC

Organic Essential Oil Production

HOW our ESSENTIAL OILS are made?

There are several techniques used in making organic essential oils. These include hydro
distillation, steam distillation, solvent extraction, CO2 extraction, cold press and florasol
extraction. Shirley Price Aromatherapy suppliers use steam distillation and cold press extraction.
The precious oils of jasmine, neroli and rose absolute are available as absolutes, the product of solvent or CO2 extraction.

Steam Distillation

Organic Essential Oil distilleries have classically used hydro diffusion (steam distillation) to
produce organic Essential Oils. During distillation, steam runs through the plant material.
The hot steam breaks down the cells of the plant and carries the essential oils to a cooling
chamber where the hydrosol (water portion of the plant) and the essential oil (volatile oils of
the plant) are then separated. The separation of essential oil (top) and hydrosol
(bottom) means the oil can be easily ladled out.

The end result is dependent upon several factors which include: growing methods (ours are
100 % organically grown), geography, and climate, soil conditions, and most importantly,
the technique and expertise of the distiller. The amount of essential oil that each distillation
yields is dependent upon the plant. Price is usually a reliable indicator of how much oil each
crop yields.

Cold Press Extraction

Most high quality citrus essential oils are obtained from a cold pressing of the rind or peel.
This process is often called scarification. As in steam distillation, to insure high quality
essential oils it is necessary to use only the finest plants available. The common use of
chemical pesticides in industrial citrus farming makes using organic citrus essential oils
especially important. Many citrus essential oils on the market are bulk essential oils of
inferior quality made by steam distillation of the peels rather than scarification.
Our essential oils are produced by scarification of organic citrus crops

Organic Essential Oil Listing

Organic Aniseed
Organic Basil
Organic Benzoin
Organic Bergamot
Organic Cajuput
Organic Caraway
Organic Cardomon
Organic Cedarwood
Organic Chamomile German
Organic Chamomile Moroccan
Orangic Chamomile Roman
Organic Cinnamon Leaf
Organic Cistus
Organic Citronella
Organic Clary Sage
Organic Dill
Organic Eucalyptus Citriodora
Organic Eucalyptus Globulus
Organic Eucalyptus Radiata
Organic Eucalyptus Smithii
Organic Fennel
Organic Fir
Organic Frankincense
Organic Geranium
Organic Geranium Bourbon
Organic Ginger
Organic Grapefruit
Organic Helichrysum
Organic Hyssop
Organic Inula
Organic Juniper
Organic Juniper Berry
Organic Lavender (Bulgarian)
Organic Lavender (France)
Organic Lavender Organic
Organic Lavender Officinalis
Organic Lavender High Altitude
Organic Lavender Spike
Organic Lavendin
Organic Lemon
Organic Lemon Tea Tree
Organic Lemongrass
Organic Lime
Organic Mandarin
Organic Marjoram Sweet
Organic May Chang
Organic Melissa(France)
Organic Melissa(South Africa)
Organic Myrtle Red
Organic Neroli
Organic Niaouli
Organic Nutmeg
Organic Orange Sweet
Organic Origanum
Organic Palmarosa
Organic Patchouli
Organic Pepper Black
Organic Peppermint
Organic Petitgrain
Organic Pine
Organic Ravensara
Organic Rosemary(France)
Organic Rosemary(Morocco)
Organic Sage
Organic Spikenard
Organic Tagetes
Organic Tarragon
Organic Tea Tree
Organic Thyme Red
Organic Vetiver
Organic Yarrow
Organic Ylang Ylang

Organic Carrier Oil listing

Organic Almond Sweet
Organic Apricot
Organic Argan
Organic Arnica in Sunflower Oil
Organic Avocado
Organic Borage
Organic Calendula
Organic Calophyllum
Organic Carrot seed in Sunflower Oil
Organic Jojoba
Organic Macadamia
Organic Olive Oil
Organic Rosehip Oil
Organic Sesame
Organic Sunflower
Organic St Johns Wort in Sunflower Oil
Organic Wheatgerm 

Essential Oil MSDS can be found online here (for organic oils) & here (for conventional)

Primary Care 2012 Birmingham NEC

Understanding holism so is it the fate of humanity to lurch from one war to the next or is international conflict resolution possible? Can power be shared? Is it possible to do away with prejudices of nationality, of race, of religion, or nationality. Is there a oneness of the human world? I have certainly been brought up to think so. We may call it holism and those who live it holistic.  

Science can shatter everything into a thousand pieces in order to better understand it but it comes from a holistic whole. 

 “Chinese medicine has a much more down to earth and immediately
understandable vision of what causes joint pain and what you can do for it. Most
of us on hearing that the most probable initial event in OA (osteoarthritis) is the
mitosis of the chondrocyte with increased synthesis of proteoglycans and type II
collagen, won’t have the foggiest notion of what this means on an everyday level
and what we ourselves can do about this. Traditional Chinese Medicine . . . is
based on a vision of the human body as a microcosmic miniature of the natural
world. Therefore, the language of Chinese medicine is the language we use
everyday to describe events in the world around us. More importantly, using this
language, we are empowered to take charge of our own lives and well-being so
that whether we experience pain and discomfort becomes a function of how we
live our life.” (Flaws and Frank, 2006)

How may one convey the concept of qi? Pattern
discrimination for managing chronic disease?

TCM diagnosis consists in tracing symptoms to an underlying disharmony pattern, mainly by palpating the pulse and inspecting the tongue.

Flaws, Bob. Explaining Chinese Medicine to Laypeople. Blue Poppy Blog.
April 28, 2009.
• Flaws, Bob and Douglas Frank. Curing Arthritis Naturally with Chinese Medicine. Blue
Poppy Press. Boulder, Colorado, 2006.

Essential oils may well bring happiness and greater enjoyment of life, peace to a troubled mind or body, makes our homes safer and more hygienic, calm to the streets and make peace among nations but remember - If you are ill see a doctor!!

Ian Brealey

Wednesday, 11 April 2012

Essential Oils noted for their aroma

Bergamot, Cinnamon, Jasmin Absolute, Juniper Berry, Lavender, Neroli, Patchouli, Peppermint, Rose, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang

Questions and Answers on internal use of essential oils

Internal use of Hydrosols.  If you do the only caveat is to ensure you are using true hydrosols. The 'floral waters' available from most online retailers are water with EOs dispersed with PEG40 or a similar chemical. PEG40 is not good taken internally through currently acceptable in cosmetics. So research the PEG40 before you go this route.

We market organic hydrosols which is the distillation water from the steam distillation of EOs as you know. The thing to watch here is that they have been correctly filtered and are fresh season. The best time to pick these up are in the autumn after the distillations. These are the true hydrosols written about and used by Suzanne Catty and Len Price/Katherine Svoboda. The reason wholesalers market 'floral waters' is the tru hydrosols have limited shelf life and must be refrigerated. Who wants to go to that trouble when you can add some EO to water and ship it? The difference is you miss out on the water soluble components which Catty and Price is writing about.

Of course you can make your own with an alembic (Jeanne Rose) and drink the water which takes you neatly back to the days of Culpepper. This was the process he mostly talks and writes about. Though many steam distilled oils (chemical oils as he called them) were available to him (60 EOs were in German pharmacopia in the 1600s.  This was the scientific frontier and so being studied at Cambridge when Culpepper was there I imagine) However chemical oils were expensive and Culpepper mostly worked with 'hydrodistilled' herbs in an alembic for his patients taken as a water internally as I understand it. A shame Culpepper died at 38.  Who knows where this might have gone.  So yes we are back to the future here!!

CO2 process oils as food additives.  The only thing I hesitate about the Germany sourced Co2 oils is the distance from where many Eos are grown. The steam distillation is a better field technique as I understand it though some distillers eg the Rose Otto (see writeups on Bulgaria) are putting in Co2 apparatus alongside their hydrodistillation units. The Indian Co2 is gaining attention and a big EU project is about to start in this area of technology transfer through the Aromatherapy Trades Council which I might get involved in but my concern is finding a reliable counterparty as I have little experience of dealing direct with India. Those who do rave about the quality and Co2 oils I imagine are harder to fake the aroma being closer to that of the plant. I do like the absolutes and I suppose the test is that the perfume companies do not use the Co2 oils but prefer the absolutes. A gap there for the artisanal perfumiers perhaps!!

Internal use generally.  Internal use is only to be considered by qualified aromatherapists under the supervision of a clients doctor or nurse.  Its important to get through the stomach in a capsule if dosing internally in significant amounts and if the target is the intestines too. If a liver cleanse or impact on the liver enzymes is the objective then taking orally makes sense as the stomache/intestine contents go direct to the liver. You would look to other routes if you were aiming to bypass the liver eg if you were wanting to bring antibacterial or stimulating properties to bear on the lymph or muscular system (why external application massage/compresses is such an effective technique).    EO constituents + stomach acids what could possibly go wrong!! My concern would be the hydrochloric acid. In general though Alcohol + Acid = Ester + Water so actually the mucosa irritation issue aside or liver overload concern (depleting enzymes like Glucuronic acid - the Koala trick for munching on Eucalyptus) there shouldnt be (other than the HCl) great cause for concern in principle. Aromatherapists love esters.      

Organic Hydrolats listing

Organic Basil
Organic Chamomile Roman
Organic Cistus
Organic Cypress
Organic Juniper
Organic Geranium Bourbon
Organic Geranium
Organic Helicrysum
Organic Inula
Organic Laurel
Organic Spike Lavender
Organic Lavender Fine
Organic Lemon Balm
Organic Peppermint
Organic St Johns Wort
Organic Myrtle
Organic Neroli
Organic Pine
Organic Ravensara
Organic Rosemary
Organic Rosemary Verbenone
Organic Santoline
Organic Rosewater
Organic Savory
Organic Sage
Organic Clary Sage
Organic Thyme
Organic Thyme Thymol
Organic Vetiver