IFPA Full membership
The Shirley Price Aromatherapy diploma is accredited by IFPA and the FHT. The Course proceeds over 5 weeklong classroom modules and coursework including essay and case studies
Find out more Shirley Price Aromatherapy Diploma 2014
Meet the Tutor
An interview is required for this course. Kindly contact the College Secretary Rosie Brandrick T:01455 615466 8 Hawley Road, Hinckley, Leicestershire LE100PR
IFPA Associate Membership
For those not requiring Massage the Shirley Price Aromatherapy Theory Diploma can be obtained by distance learning
Find out more and book distance learning
IFPA upgrade. Module five of the aromatherapy diploma also serves as an IFPA upgrade course for practitioners with level 3 qualification and practice portfolio. Sue Jenkins BSc MIFPA is the tutor.
Alumni CPD and Product making courses
2014 AROMATHERAPY DIPLOMA COURSE
For students with no prior learning the course proceeds as follows
Anatomy & Physiology Level 3 must be obtained prior to Module Three - available by distance learning and examination here
Aromatherapy Diploma Modules One to Four Tutor Jan Benham MIFPA FFHT
January - Aromatherapy Diploma Module One
March - Aromatherapy Diploma Module Two
May - Aromatherapy Diploma Module Three
June - Aromatherapy Diploma Module Four
June - Aromatherapy Diploma Module Four
August – Aromatherapy Diploma Module Five with Jan Benham MIFPA FFHT and Sue Jenkins MIFPA
For students with level 3 A&P and Massage Qualifications
Practicioners can obtain a level 3 diploma in holistic massage, anatomy and physiology and professional studies prior to joining Shirley Price Aromatherapy Diploma class. In which case they are exempt Module 1 Therapeutic Massage of the 5 module Shirley Price Aromatherapy Diploma course. Here is a description of the diploma in holistic massage and list of local colleges .http://www.itecworld.co.uk/students/Diplomas.aspx?k=2
TIMETABLE OVERVIEW AND TUTOR LESSON PLANNING GUIDE 2014
Shirley Price Aromatherapy Practitioner Diploma
Summary of tuition and study
First Aid, A&P, Pathology
Therapeutic massage day plan outlines/aims/content
Aromatherapy day plan outlines/aims/content
Training Adminstration process
Self-directed Study Hours
Anatomy & Physiology
inc 60hrs massage – (see Therapeutic Massage syllabus)
Theory of Aromatherapy
Professional Studies Legislation, conduct, ethics
Business Studies Legal framework, Accounting, Marketing
See Appendix 4
TOTAL MINIMUM HOURS
An emergency first aid at work certificate is required prior to the final examination. This can be acquired independently from a local college or as a class with tuition is by an external qualified tutor.
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Anatomy and Physiology Programme £500 includes:
Section 1 - Bones and Joints
Section 2 - Muscles and Movement
Section 3 - Circulation, Lymph and the Immune System
Section 4 - Nervous System and Hormonal System
Section 5 - Urinary System and Digestive System
Section 6 - The Skin and Respiratory System
Section 7 - Reproductive System, Structure, Growth and Ageing
The in-house Anatomy and Physiology course is assessed by:
Attendance of the course - 50 hours contact teaching
Completion of assignments
1 hour written examination
The Anatomy and Physiology distance course is assessed by continuous assessment through essay and multiple-choice questions. The certificate will be a College certificate.
See outline above, 5 conditions per area
Module 1 Therapeutic Massage Timetable
Day 1: AM History, evolution and theory of massage, bodywork
PM Practical: Aromatherapy face massage
Day 2: AM ClinicalTheory, client management, strokes and techniques
PM Practical: Aromatherapy back massage
DVD Introductory Massage technique,
Effleurage and petrissage, discussion
Day 3: AM Clinical Theory, practical treatment, conditions requiring caution, clinical practice
PM Practical: Aromatherapy leg massage
Day 4: AM Application of Massage skills consultation, recording, safe positioning
PM Practical: Aromatherapy abdomen massage
Day 5: AM Business studies, research, self care,development CPD
PM Practical: Aromatherapy full massage
Module 2 Theory of Aromatherapy Timetable
Day 6: Historical and philosophical perspectives, what and why
Day 7: EOs Part 1, science and safety what are EOs, EO extraction and quality, volatility, storage
Day 8: Eos Part 2, Family Latin name, plant familities, charts, effects, hazardous oils
SHIRLEY PRICE EO WALLPOSTER
THE 36 OILS CLEARED FOR CLINICAL USE IN THE USA TABLE
Day 9: Carrier oils,Methods of Application and blending, synergy, precautions, contraindications, aftercare
Day 10: Individual Essential Oil Profiles
Essential oils: Basil, Clary sage, Lavenders, Peppermint, Sage, Thyme, Hyssop, Melissa, Patchouli, Mountain savory, Rosemary
Carrier oils: Sweet almond, sunflower seed, apricot kernel, peach kernel, rosehip
Module 3 Applied Aromatherapy Timetable
Aromatherapy in clinical practice
Practical aromatherapy skills
Day 11: Essential oils,
DVD Advanced massage technique, discussion
Prepare work area, client handling, face and body diagnosis, choosing oils blending
Aromatherapy face massage blends
Day 12: Carrier oils
Prepare work area, client handling, face and body diagnosis, choosing oils blending
Aromatherapy face massage blends
Day 13: Prepare work area, client handling, face and body diagnosis, choosing oils blending
Aromatherapy back massage blends
Day 14: Prepare work area, client handling, face and body diagnosis, choosing oils blending
Aromatherapy leg massage blends
Day 15: Prepare work area, client handling, face and body diagnosis, choosing oils blending
Aromatherapy abdomen massage blends
Essential oils: Compositae: Chamomiles, Yarrow, Burseraceae: Myrrh & Frnkincense, Geraniaceae: geranium Pinaceae: Pine & Cedar cupressaceae: Cypress & juniper
Carrier oils: Hazelnut, walnut, cocoa butter, jojoba, olive
Module 4 Aromatherapy Timetable
Day 16: Essential oils
Science Chemistry 1 atoms, ions, molecules, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Day 17: Carrier oils
Science Chemistry 2 terpenes, hydrocarbon compounds, alcohols, aldehydes, lactones, esters, ketones, phenols, oxide
Day 18: Science Chemistry 3 functional groups and EO properties
Day 19: Cautionary oils, hand and foot massage, revision
Day 20: Clinical case studies, revision
Essential oils: Myrtaceae: eucalyptus, teatree, niaouli, Myristicaceae: nutmeg
Lauraceae: Cardamon, cinnamon, Ravintsara/Ravensara, rosewood, clove bud, laurel
Carriers: avocado, borage, evening primrose, tamanu
Module 5 Timetable
Day 21: Special treatment groups, pregnancy, learning disabilities
Day 22: Inflammation, infection & pain, revision
Day 23: 6. Research Skills, revision
Professional Practice Management
Day 24: Business studies, CPD,
Day 25: Full body massage revision, Essential oils profiles revision,
Day 26: AM IFPA written examination
PM Practical examination (3 hours)
The Shirley Price factory and training centre in Hinckley England LE100PR
We are proud to have supplied over 150 colleges with aromatherapy supplies and that our essential oils are chosen for academic study as the finest available.
The SPICA diploma qualification remains the leading qualification for those who wish to tutor and practice
professional aromatherapy. It is possible to reach the standards required by the accrediting body's external examiner with 6 months
concerted study. Many master practicioners have used the Shirley Price diploma as a foundation for their study and
practice. In 2009 three classes of 5 students passed the external examiners. Students blog
Often students will have taken an initial course to national occupational standards and now be looking for more
Many of the 4000 registered aromatherapist masseurs in the UK trained with us as well as people merely seeking a valuable life skill
for personal and family benefit. We cater for trainee therapists, professionals and provide a forum for established
trainers to share their experience.
Our vision is that of Jean Valnet and our practice is of the standards established by Shirley Price and Len Price.....
That massage and aromatherapy and natural therapies will become a respected and integral part of the health care
That all people may have access to natural health care whatever may be their circumstances in life.
That prevention rather than cure be the prime motivation behind all health care.
That natural therapies graduates will play a respected and integral role in society enabling medical practitioners to
deliver individual and family health as they would like to.
Our mission in summary
To educate individuals to be qualified and registered professionals in massage and aromatherapy
To link with colleges training in other natural therapies to support qualification in natural therapies
To maintain our Research Unit making appropriate grant applications
To develop practical and research-based teaching and learning in massage and aromatherapy
To provide continual professional development to practising Therapists and Health Professionals
To provide educational systems that foster excellence in academic standards in accordance with national
occupational standards, international best practices, and a values-oriented approach to education
To graduate individuals with a high level of professionalism that allows them to work in massage and aromatherapy
as practitioners and educators
To maintain links with college branches in other countries and leading massage and Aromatherapy and Natural
Therapy educational institutes world-wide
To provide community education on massage and Aromatherapy and Natural Therapies that allows individuals to
gain knowledge for their own health and well-being and that of their families and communities
To provide professional development to Natural Therapists and Health Practitioners that augments their skills and
Shirley Price Aromatherapy was founded by Mrs Shirley Price and Mr Len Price in 1974. The Price family built the
business to 30 employees and to be one of the leading international aromatherapy manufacturing and mail order
businesses with an IFPA accredited college training aromatherapists worldwide. Their publications were sold
worldwide and many remain international bestsellers and the company's training texts. The Prices sold the college
business in 1998.
Today Shirley Price Aromatherapy Ltd is family owned by the Brealey and Jaspal families. PI Brealey BSc (Econ)
FCA, Managing Director is a professional company director and practicing chartered accountant. Ian's accountancy
practice Brealey Foster was established in Hinckley in 1961. The founder Mr Foster of Brealey Foster was one of
five brothers. Mr Foster became a professional accountant and the other four brothers became methodist ministers.
Dr MS Jaspal MB BS Director of Training is a general medical practioner in Coventry. The Brealey, Jaspal families
and families of the staff have been personally acquainted for over 20 years and share a love of aromatherapy and
dedication which is apparent to all visitors to the company.
The company's professional standard essential oils are obtained from the very best sources around the world.
Shirley Price Aromatherapy is actively involved in the growing, harvesting and distilling the finest plants. These vital
therapeutic qualities ensure the most positive effect maintaining a healthy mind and body helping balance the whole
person positively. The company have a wide range of plant oils including carrier oils and hydrolats and skin care.
The Company is the UK distributor of Jojoba, a key cosmetic ingredient, for the worlds largest producer.
The Brands of the company have expanded to include Shirley Price Aromatherapy, Essentia waters and skin care
and Lothian Herbs Aromatherapy.
Oils are, without question, of impeccable quality. Nothing less than 100% purity is accepted.
Shirley Price Aromatherapy’s internationally renowned training courses continue to draw applicants from all quarters
of the globe.
Shirley Price Aromatherapy diplomas are fully recognized by the International Federation of Professional
Aromatherapists (IFPA) and are the most highly coveted by aspiring practitioners.
WELCOME TO SHIRLEY PRICE AROMATHERAPY!
Love and caring for all
Peacefulness in all our activities
Appropriate activity that respects others
The purpose of the Shirley Price International College for Aromatherapy is to train the leading professional
aromatherapists of the future in the science and principles underlying aromatherapy as well as effective practical
massage technique which relies on an understanding of human physiology and so can be effective even without
essential oils. We also aim to broaden the knowledge of those within Aromatherapy and educate and inform all
practising health and beauty and veterinary professionals who are interested and committed to integrated
healthcare and individual well-being. Our college events and conferences attract leading international practitioners
to speak. Our college takes students to see our growers and see the distillation process at first hand.
Massage of essential oils into the skin remain the safest and most effective way of employing essential oils for
therapeutic benefit to the skin and the whole body, mind and spirit. Indeed many effective treatments to maintain
muscular and joint effectiveness in athletes human and equine cannot be given any other way.
As the profession moves towards increased acceptance a measure of regulation is inevitable and has been a
feature of professional aromatherapy from the outset. New standards in education and CPD will make it possible to
become more effective and knowledgeable in our fascinating vocation. Of course there must be ethical standards to
maintain the standing of the profession and support for those professionals who need it. This is the task of the
The fact of spiritual healing is not disputed. The fact of the healing quality of forgiveness and the benefit in avoiding
of the destructive emotions of anger, jealousy and grief is not only self evident it is the foundation stone on which
rests all religion and so all law and so all justice. The task of aromatherapy in helping clients create and maintain
radiant health and beauty is a complex one. It is not the treatment of a departure from an ideal it is an ideal in itself
which can be attained by anyone in greater or lesser degree.
Aromatherapy is recognised as a key holistic approach to personal care and beauty. Aromatherapy is and meant to
pleasurable and restorative in the home and at work. It is a pleasure to work with therapeutic purely natural products
to help maintain radiant good health and beauty in ourselves, our families and others.
Aromatherapy is the practice of using volatile plant oils, principally essential oils, for maintaining mental and physical
well-being and radiant beauty. It is combined with massage which is the most effective means of administering
essential oils to the body. Essential oils of high quality which are the pure "essence" of a plant concentrated through
a process of distillation, have been found to provide both psychological and physical benefits when used correctly
and safely by a trained aromatherapist.
For aroma therapeutic purposes the wholeness of the oil is indispensable. Oil used for its flavour and fragrance may
be adjusted and lose its therapeutic benefit. Essential oil for therapeutic use should not be adulterated, 'ennobled',
not re-distilled (as sadly many are) not fractionated, no parts removed or added. They are distilled specifically for
aromatherapy from known plant material. We work closely with growers to ensure our oils meet this standard. Our oil
is therefore naturally more expensive than oils to be found on the high street which tend to be high volume low
quality commercial perfume grade oil produced to a price and volume.
Prevention is better than cure when it comes to wellness. Researchers in human health problems highlight actions
that people can take individually to maintain personal health and effectiveness. Primary among these are
maintaining a nutritious and balanced diet with a low fat content, getting sufficient sleep and regular exercise.
Aromatherapists can assist in sustaining a healthy lifestyle as well as in the treatment of specific health conditions.
Besides its place as a beauty treatment in the leading beauty salons aromatherapy is increasingly taking its place
among more established treatments particularly in the short term relief of stress in the NHS.
There has long been a tradition of a scientific approach in France where in particular the anti bacterial and anti viral
properties of essentials oils have long been demonstrated by using cultivated dishes of differant bacteria. There is also a tradition in French and Chinese medicine
of taking essential oils and herbal products internally which can be hazardous even in trained medical hands
because of the uneven quality of the products sometimes administered. There is no doubt however that their
external use in trained hands is safe and therapeutic. An individual allergic reaction to the oils can quickly be
detected by applying a small quantity to the elbow.
There is no doubt however that this is the direction which suppliers of essential oils must go providing oils in
confectionery or capsule form for medical use. More research is needed and grant money for research is
A French chemist called René-Maurice Gattefossé coined the term aromatherapy to describe the process of using
plant oils therapeutically. The story goes that, while working in a perfume factory in the early 20th century, he burnt
his hand and instinctively plunged his hand into a container of lavender oil. He was so impressed by how quickly and
cleanly the burn healed, he began studying the healing powers of plant oils. Gattefossé is credited with coining the
term aromatherapy. In 1937, Gattefossé wrote a book called Aromathérapie: Les Huiles essentielles hormones
végétales that was later translated into English and named Gattefossé's Aromatherapy. It is still in print and widely
read and the foundation of all modern literature. The modern literature is worldwide and aromatherapy now attracts
much scientific study particularly in behaviourism as a practical technique for assisting children with learning
Aromatherapy is now widely practised as part of complimentary medicine. The anxiety-reducing properties of
aromatherapy in the short-term have been recognised by the NHS, and aromatherapy is increasingly used,
particularly by nurses in hospices and nursing homes. Many health clubs, sports centres, beauty clinics,
complementary therapy centres and health spas now offer aromatherapy massage. It may also be possible to find a
private practitioner who will come to your home.
Some of the known applications for aromatherapy are :
* anxiety, stress or insomnia
* muscular aches and pains
* digestive problems
* menstrual or menopausal problems
Alongside these there is also:
* evidence suggests that it has mild and short-lasting anti-anxiety effects
* may cure infections of the middle ear
* it may help if you have a type of baldness called alopecia areata
* might help prevent bronchitis
It has also been shown that Tea Tree oil can help relieve acne and fungal infections.
In simple terms some relief may be found from a few oils as follows
Arthritis Lavender, juniper
Asthma Cedarwood, Eucalyptus
Blood Pressure Hyssop
Cellulite Cypress, Fennel
Colds Eucalyptus, Cinnamon
Depression Bergamot, Clary sage, Lavender
Exhaustion Clary Sage, Lavender
Influenza Cinnamon, Black pepper
Insomnia Lavender, Clary sage
Muscular pain Lemongrass, Eucalyptus
Nausea Lavender, Peppermint
PMT Bergamot, Lavender, Juniper
Toothache Clove, Peppermint
Practitioners administer the oil in a variety of ways, usually by rubbing it into the skin. The oils are readily absorbed
into the body and circulated through it. Conditions as diverse as inflammation, oily skin, dry skin, influenza, and
decreased physical immunity can be successfully treated with aromatherapy. Emotional disorders are also treated
with aromatic oils.
It is the company's policy to provide the finest training in aromatherapy and to provide essential oils of the highest
quality for professional use
FINDING A QUALIFIED PRACTICIONER
It’s best to check that your aromatherapist has been trained at a college accredited by one of the professional
associations that are members of the Aromatherapy Consortium. The Consortium can supply a list of its association
members and training establishments, along with more information about aromatherapy. Only courses that involve at
least 180 hours of training are included on the list. A practitioner should have some training in anatomy and
physiology, as well as the use of essential oils and massage
Aromatherapy Trade Council
Telephone: 01473 603630
Web Site: http://www.a-t-c.org.uk
Shirley Price International College of Aromatherapy
8 Hawley Road
T: 01455 615466
NEXT CPD COURSES
Qi Drop Therapy 10am – 4pm £120.00 + Vat
Aromatherapy & Reflexology for the elderly 10am – 4pm £90.00+ Vat
Aromatherapy Seminar 10am – 4pm £90.00+ Vat
The Creamy Craft of Cosmetic Making - £120.00+ Vat
The Art of Soap Making 11am – 4pm / Shampoo and bath bomb making – 4:30pm – 7:30pm - £90.00+ Vat Each
The Art Of Perfume Making 11am – 4pm - £120.00+ Vat
How to Make Mineral Makeup 11am – 4pm - £130.00+ Vat
How to Make Natural Makeup 11am – 4pm - £130.00+ Vat
Getting Started with your aromatherapyNew to aromatherapy? The information below can help you begin to make blends with your essential oils. It is fun and easy to experiment with essential oils. You might want to buy a few essential oils, some Jojoba oil, and explore blending. If you follow the helpful hints and instructions below, you will be able to make some wonderful blends right away.
- It is essential to buy high quality fresh season oils. It takes a lot of plant material to make a small amount of oil. For example, it takes more then 30 roses to produce 1 drop of rose essential oil! A half-ounce of pure essential oil can last a long time, since only small amounts need to be used for their intended effects.
- Essential oils must be stored in dark, airtight, glass bottles because exposure to light, oxygen, and heat causes chemical changes in the oil over time. All oils need to be kept cold. The ideal temperature is 65°F, although between 45°-65° is adequate.
- Essential oils should not be put directly on the skin or taken internally as they can burn or irritate the skin, mouth, and stomach. An exception is Tea Tree which can be placed directly on the feet or toenails to combat infection. Essential oils are combined with "carriers" such as cream or vegetable and nut oils (e.g., Almond oil, Grapeseed, Avocado oil & Jojoba oil) and then applied to the skin (see dilutions below for blending guidelines).
- Depending on the specific oil and the situation, a total of 5-18 drops of essential oil goes into 1 oz. of carrier oil. These amounts vary based on the person for whom you are making the blend (see dilutions below) and on the strength of the specific oil you are using. For example, you can use several drops of Lavender to every 1 drop of Rose.
- 1ml =20 drops
- 1% dilution= 5-6 total drops of essential oil in each ounce of carrier oil or cream. This dilution is used for children, elders, chronically ill persons, and pregnant women. 2% dilution= 10-12 total drops of essential oils in each ounce of carrier oil or cream. This dilution is used for the average adult and daily or long-term use of the product. 3% dilution= 15-18 total drops of essential oil in each ounce of carrier oil or cream. This dilution is used for specific illnesses or for acute injury. Blends made at this dilution are used for a week or two, for an acute situation.
- For cosmetics 1% is the recommended limit in leave on products like moisture creams and 4% in wash off products.
- Basic Properties
- Most essential oils, although highly concentrated, do not appear “oily”. As oils, they are lighter than water and highly fluid. They are primarily lipid (fat) soluble rather than water-soluble allowing for easy, fast penetration into the skin and bloodstream. Oils are absorbed through capillaries, lymph ducts or the lungs (when oils are inhaled). Once applied to the skin or inhaled, the body takes about 30-90 minutes to entirely absorb the essential oils. Strong blood circulation increases absorption rate.
- Essential oils may be found in virtually any part of the plant: seeds, flowers, fruit, leaves, stems, roots, bark, wood, needles and resins.
- Supplies for Blending
- Essential oils Glass bottles with caps for making blends in a carrier oil Glass bottles with orifice reducers and caps for making undiluted blends of essential oil Jars for cream blends Carrier oils to mix the essential oils into Unscented cream to mix essential oils into Labels and pens Towels (or paper towels) Glass stirring rods Notebook and pen
- Blending Tip
- Use strong floral oils such as Rose, Jasmine, Ylang Ylang, Geranium and Neroli in small quantities. They are powerful. Add only 1-3 drops of any strong floral oil to a blend, especially if you are blending with these oils for the first time.
- Top Note
- The first smell to arise from a blend and evaporate quickly. The top note fragrance is usually light, fresh, sharp, penetrating, and airy. They add brightness to a blend. The aroma of top note oils reminds me of wind chimes or a flute. Top notes stimulate and clear your mind, uplifting your energy.
- Middle Note
- Called the “heart” note, these oils give the blend aromatic softness, fullness, and can round off any sharp edges. Middle notes can have both top and base note aromas within them. They are harmonizing for your blends. Middle notes provide balance both physically and energetically. They are soothing and harmonizing for the mind and body.
- Base Note
- These oils provide a deep, warm, grounded quality to your blend. They function as fixatives by reducing the evaporation of the top notes. Base notes add intensity to a blend and often have an earthy aroma. The aroma rises slowly to your nose unlike top notes, which penetrate quickly. Base notes are used to relieve stress, anxiety, and insomnia. They are calming and grounding. Most oils derived from woods, resins, and roots are base notes.
- Combining Notes
- When blending, add one drop at a time to your blend, then mix and smell. Allow the blend to unfold slowly and inform you about what oils to add and how much. We often need much less essential oil than we might imagine. Remember to keep track of the blends you make by recording which oils you used and how many drops of oil. When you finish the blend and want to make it again, you will have the recipe!
- A substance which was not originally present in the oil at the time of distillation added to an essential oil. An adulterant can be artificial or natural.
- Base Oil (Carrier Oil)
- Vegetable or nut oils such as Sweet Almond, Grapeseed, and Jojoba.
- A device that disperses essential oils into an area. The three basic types are clay, candle and electric.
- Adding a small amount of essential oil to a larger amount of base oil to make it safe for use on the skin
- Method used to extract essential oil from the plant. Steam distillation is the most common form of distillation.
- GC/MS (Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer)
- A device used by analytic chemists to determine the precise make-up of a given substance. Used in aromatherapy to determine the precise chemical constituents of an essential oil, and whether the oil is pure or adulterated with synthetic chemicals or other products.
- Essential Oil
- Highly aromatic substance found in specialized cells of certain plants. Technically, when this substance is in the plant, it is called an "essence." After distillation of a single type of plant, the aromatic substance is referred to as an essential oil.
- Herbally Infused Oil
- These are oils that carry the medicinal properties of certain herbs. Carrier oil is infused with the medicinal herb, the plant is strained off, and the remaining oil can be used directly on the skin.
- Use of an undiluted essential oil on the skin.
- As in top, middle, and base notes. A type of classification system based on aroma, to identify certain oils. Generally, essential oils from citrus peels are top notes, essential oils from flowers, leaves and stems are middle notes, and essential oils from roots are base notes.
- Orifice Reducer
- A device used to reduce the size of the opening of a bottle, making dispensing the essential oil easier and more accurate.
- Describes how quickly a substance disperses itself into the air. In aromatherapy, top note essential oils may be referred to as "highly volatile," meaning that they disperse quickly out of the bottle and into the air.
- Tending to restore normal health; cleans and purifies the blood; alters existing nutritive and excretory processes, gradually restoring normal body function.
- Numbs pain.
- Destructive to bacteria.
- Inhibits growth of fungus.
- Helps the body strengthen its own resistance to infective organisms and rid the body of illness.
- Alleviates inflammation.
- Dispels heat, fire and fever (from the Greek word pyre, meaning fire).
- Assists in fighting germs/infections.
- Relieves spasms of voluntary and involuntary muscles.
- Prevents and/or relieves rheumatic pain and swelling.
- Inhibits growth of viruses.
- Firms tissue and organs; reduces discharges and secretions.
- Relieves intestinal gas pain and distention; promotes peristalsis.
- Remedy for the head, generally clearing and stimulating.
- Cell-regenerative for skin, healing for scars.
- Reduces nasal mucus production and swelling.
- Causes perspiration and increased elimination through the skin.
- Promotes activity of kidney and bladder and increases urination.
- Induces vomiting.
- Helps promote and regulate menstruation.
- Smoothes, softens and protects the skin.
- Promotes discharge of phlegm and mucous from the lungs and throat.
- Stops the flow of blood. An astringent that stops internal bleeding or hemorrhaging.
- Lowers high blood pressure.
- Immune stimulant
- Stimulates functioning of the immune system.
- Promotes bowel movements.
- Breaks down mucus (pulmonary).
- Strengthens the functional activity of the nervous system; may be either a stimulant or sedative.
- Increases local blood circulation, can cause minor skin irritation, vasodilation and local analgesic effect.
- Calms and tranquilizes by lowering the functional activity of the organ or body part.
- Increases functional activity of specific organ or system.
- Increases functional activity of specific organ or system.
- Strengthens and restores vitality.
- Increases sweating.
- Helps to dilate blood vessels.